The behavior of the electric field within the substorm current wedge

first_imgWe use the Goose Bay HF radar to investigate the behavior of the electric field within the substorm current wedge for a small substorm (< 200 nT) which occurred on February 15, 1992. Mid- and high-latitude magnetometer data helped to locate the radar backscatter with respect to the longitudes and latitudes of the substorm currents, as well as describing the time development of the substorm itself. Velocities in the portion of the field of view of the Goose Bay HF radar closest to the Frederikshab magnetometer in Greenland were compared directly with the ionospheric currents inferred from the magnetometer. During the early growth phase, the plasma flow and current gradually increased in response to the DP2 electric field and are related by an estimated effective height-integrated conductivity, Σ*, ∼ 1 S. The plasma flow and current continued to increase in the same proportion (i.e., Σ* was still ∼ 1 S) as the electrojet intensified in stages during the late growth/early expansion phase. In this interval there was probably a pseudo-breakup which established a longitudinally and latitudinally narrow substorm current wedge. The increased plasma flow and current measured at Frederikshab are attributed to the superposition of the pseudo-breakup/current wedge electric field on the preexisting DP2 electric field. Evidently, the enhanced ionospheric conductivity strip usually associated with the current wedge is initially located equatorward of Frederikshab, since its effect is not apparent at that location. During the expansion phase proper, a clearly resolved current wedge expanded so that the radar backscatter lay within it. The expansion led to an increased current over Frederikshab, but a slightly suppressed plasma flow, related by an increased Σ* ∼ 4 S: the effect of the precipitation induced conductivity strip now apparent. It is suggested that near-Earth current disruption may play a significant role in the onset of this particular substorm, which occurred during a nonstorm time interval.last_img read more

Marshall Islands: Pacific Partnership 2013 Delivers Reverse Osmosis Water System

first_img View post tag: Defence Members of Pacific Partnership 2013 worked with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) to deliver a reverse osmosis water system donated by the U.S. Agency for International Development to Ebeye, an island in the Kwajalein Atoll of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, July 7.The reverse osmosis system, donated about two years ago, was loaded onto a landing craft utility (LCU) in Majuro, the capital city, about 140 miles from Ebeye.From there, the LCU boarded amphibious dock-landing ship USS Pearl Harbor (LSD 52), the command platform for Pacific Partnership 2013, which transported the system and the LCU to Ebeye, where only one of two reverse osmosis systems on the island is functioning – the other has been broken and waiting on a new part for more than a year.The 15,000 residents of Ebeye rely on reverse osmosis to fill a 25,000-gallon tank at the Ebeye Purified Water Storage Facility, where they fill containers for drinking water, said Julian Reimers, the general foreman for water and sewer operations on the island.Officials agreed that the residents of Ebeye needed the water system months ago, but both cost and safety issues were associated with the 48-hour transit aboard a fuel barge, which was the only other feasible option to deliver the system, according to Romeo Alfred, manager of the Kwajalein Atoll Joint Utility Resource, which will house the new reverse osmosis system.“The arrival of Pearl Harbor meant we had a mechanism to move it to Ebeye,” said Dave Neville, an Australian employee of IOM, who helped facilitate efforts to transport the reverse osmosis system between islands. “Pacific Partnership was kind enough to step in and move it, otherwise we would have had a difficult time.”U.S. Marine Corps Gunnery Sgt. Stephen Hunter, project coordinator on the Pacific Partnership side, said the mission was already scheduled to visit Majuro and Kwajalein. The reverse osmosis systems movement fit well with the mission’s goals so there was no question on whether or not Pacific Partnership would help IOM.Marshall Island civilians, U.S. military, and international organizations worked together to successfully relocate the system.“It has been nothing but smooth,” said Hunter.The coordination required across the different groups is a well-established trend on the Pacific Partnership 2013 mission, which involves ten partner nations working in coordination with six host nations.“Without the entities working together, it wouldn’t have happened,” said Neville. “While the U.S. Navy offers a very specific capability, other partners offer very different capabilities. Together, they can get lots done, but individually it would be very hard for any one organization to get this thing done right.”Alfred said that the help from IOM and the perfect timing of the Pacific Partnership mission has been a tremendous help for the whole community.Pacific Partnership is a mission that brings host nation governments, U.S. military, partner nation militaries and non-governmental organization volunteers together to conduct disaster-preparedness projects and build relationships in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region to better respond during a crisis.[mappress]Press Release, July 9, 2013; Image: US Navy View post tag: Defense July 9, 2013 Training & Education View post tag: Naval View post tag: Navy View post tag: 2013 View post tag: water View post tag: Reverse View post tag: system Back to overview,Home naval-today Marshall Islands: Pacific Partnership 2013 Delivers Reverse Osmosis Water System View post tag: Osmosis View post tag: Pacific View post tag: delivers Marshall Islands: Pacific Partnership 2013 Delivers Reverse Osmosis Water System View post tag: News by topic View post tag: partnership Share this articlelast_img read more

New DCOM of EU Naval Force Somalia Appointed

first_imgBack to overview,Home naval-today New DCOM of EU Naval Force Somalia Appointed After seven months, Rear Admiral Bartolomé Bauzá (Spanish Navy) handed over the role of Deputy Operation Commander (DCOM) of the European Union Naval Force Somalia – Operation Atalanta, to Brigadier General Dick Swijgman (Royal Netherlands Navy). View post tag: africa Authorities The handover took place at the Operational Headquarters (OHQ) in Northwood, London, on August 1.The military and civilian staff based at the EU Naval Force OHQ lined-up to bid farewell to Rear Admiral Bauzá.[mappress]Press Release, August 04, 2014; Image: EU Navfor View post tag: Naval View post tag: europe View post tag: News by topic View post tag: DCOM View post tag: Somaliacenter_img New DCOM of EU Naval Force Somalia Appointed August 4, 2014 Share this article View post tag: Navy View post tag: New View post tag: EU View post tag: appointed View post tag: Naval Forcelast_img read more

Wärtsilä wins Canadian ice-breaker contract

View post tag: Wartsila Canadian government has awarded Wärtsilä Canada Inc. a $6.2 million contract for the design and supply of two new propulsion control systems to upgrade two Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) 1100 class vessels: CCGS Ann Harvey and the CCGS Sir William Alexander. The government said the upgraded propulsion control systems would enhance the navigators’ control over how the vessels move through the water and would significantly reduce the maintenance downtime of the vessels. This will allow them to spend more time at sea ensuring the safe passage of vessels in Canadian waters.The contract includes options for the design and supply of propulsion control systems for an additional four Coast Guard 1100 class vessels: the CCGS Edward Cornwallis, the CCGS Martha L. Black, the CCGS George R. Pearkes and the CCGS Sir Wilfrid Laurier.These vessels provide essential service to the CCG’s aids to navigation and icebreaking programs and serve Canadian waters from coast to coast. If exercised, this option could increase the total contract value to approximately $18.9 million.Design work on the first two systems is scheduled to begin immediately and supply will be completed within the next two years.This contract is part of an overall $360 million investment to extend the life of the Coast Guard fleet.Hunter Tootoo, Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard commented the contract award: “I am proud to announce this contract providing critical refit for Canadian Coast Guard vessels. These propulsion systems will ensure the Coast Guard has the equipment it needs to continue its vital role in icebreaking and aids to navigation across the country. They will ensure that Canadian Coast Guard vessels are equipped to continue their vital role ensuring the safe navigation of mariners transiting through our waters.” View post tag: CCGS Anne Harvey View post tag: CCGS Sir William Alexander Authorities View post tag: Canadian Coast Guard January 25, 2016 Share this article Back to overview,Home naval-today Wärtsilä wins Canadian ice-breaker contract Wärtsilä wins Canadian ice-breaker contract read more

BB75 2011

first_imgBB75 is the annual authoritative tracker of companies that sell baked products as the primary element of their food offering in a retail, food-to-go or eat-in format, benchmarked by the number of outlets operated.This exclusive report monitors the fortunes of all specialist retailers of bakery products on an annual basis, including traditional craft bakers, sandwich chains and branded coffee shop chains.The full in-depth analysis is only available to subscribers of British Baker Magazine, however you can download a pdf of the 2011 league table here>> Download league table (pdf)>> Find out more about subscribing to British Baker Magazine>> Read news article: Bakery retailers see a rise in outlet openingslast_img read more

Elephant Revival Brings Harmonies And Love To Athens [Gallery/Review]

first_imgThe band’s other Rose, banjo, mandolin and pedal steel player Charlie Rose, lent his rolling notes and soaring steel licks to the affair, enhancing the feeling of a sacred ritual being performed. Newly added touring percussionist Darren Garvey has shown great musical savvy in finding ways to enhance the band’s sound without changing the atmosphere that has won Elephant Revival a legion of fans across the nation.Guitarist and vocalist Daniel Rodriguez in particular seemed to be in fine spirits and even finer musical spaces, as his grins seemed to outnumber the notes he played. On tracks like “Spinning” and Sea Monster” he handled the lyrical duties with the same devotion to intonation he showed each chord and plucked note throughout the night. His partner in crime at the front of the band, however, stole the show with a bravura performance.Whether captivating the crowd while leading a reverential a cappella version of “The Raven,” coaxing haunting melodies out of a musical saw or driving the tempo with her stomp box, drums and washboard, Bonnie Paine did it all. Sharing the stories behind the mesmerizing music she revealed a slowly forming song cycle as the heart of some of her best loved compositions, promising delighted fans more in the series to come. Simply put, as Paine goes so does Elephant Revival, and as usual she went to the heart of listeners and immediately set up shop for the rest of the evening.The thunderous applause and heartfelt pleas for more kept the band from going too far before returning for a double encore that included the always invigorating ‘Grace Of A Woman” and it’s tribute to the power of women. In a band like Elephant Revival that so wonderfully blends the energy of the sexes, it is truly fitting to see them join their voices and skills together. In a male dominated field like the music industry, it is a welcome sign to see their brand of joy so well received by fans of all ages and genders. Elephant Revival has been winding their way down the Eastern seaboard, reverse tracking the path of the recent storms, bringing sunshine and positive vibrations to those in need.  With a receptive crowd packing the Georgia Theatre in Athens, GA last night eager to hear their brand of transcendental folk music, the band was ready to preach to the choir and convert fresh fans to their cause. Over the course of a set of delicate musical passages and rip roaring sing-a-longs, Elephant Revival did all that and more.Armed with fresh songs from their latest release, Petals, the band played an eclectic set that saw each member take the lead and run with it. Whether it was fiddler Bridget Law calling the tune on band classics like “Single Beds Are Made For One” or bass player Dango Rose showing off vocal skills to match his throbbing intonations on “When I Fall,” the name of the game was parity. Openers River Whyless, from Asheville, North Carolina showed a remarkably resilient and musically dexterous spirit throughout their set. Problems with their gear forced them to abandon their set list and the stage itself to take a special fully acoustic approach to their material. While not a true representation of what this home spun and intriguing band is capable of, the audience was nevertheless taken with their can-do spirit. It’s certain that all those in attendance were charmed by their energy and will be eagerly seeking out the band in the future.last_img read more

Community contact tracing

first_img Harvard to help track the virus Related Baker said that while local health boards in Massachusetts already are contact tracing, the collaborative will bring “a much more robust, targeted approach” that is “working toward a goal of getting staffed and ready to go … by the end of this month.”The collaborative is part of the state’s multifaceted preparation for an expected surge of COVID-19 cases in coming weeks.“When you start getting into numbers like the types of numbers we’re talking about in our projections, you need a larger organization with a much larger infrastructure,” Baker said. “The difference is between doing this for a few thousand people and doing it for tens of thousands of people.”“We are living in a difficult and unprecedented time, and it is imperative that all of us in the commonwealth contribute to controlling this epidemic,” said Partners In Health CEO Sheila Davis. “We’re humbled to be part of the team selected by Gov. Baker to fight COVID-19 and hope that PIH’s experience fighting pandemics around the world will help stem the grim tide of the COVID-19 epidemic in Massachusetts.”This story is adapted from a news article from PIH. Read more about PIH’s response in Massachusetts and what PIH co-founders Farmer and Jim Yong Kim have to say about this unique partnership. Students from Chan School are helping to boost the volunteer public health workforce At virtual seminar with municipal leaders, stresses that clear communication is vital during pandemic To stem the coronavirus crisis, Harvard Medical School scientists forge ahead on six key fronts Obama: In trying times, truth first Massachusetts Gov. Charlie Baker announced an initiative April 3 to accelerate the state’s efforts to contain the spread of COVID-19 by dramatically scaling up the state’s capacity for contact tracing through a new collaboration with Partners In Health (PIH) in which Harvard Medical School faculty will play key leadership roles.Joia Mukherjee, Harvard Medical School (HMS) associate professor of global health and social medicine in the Blavatnik Institute at HMS and PIH’s chief medical officer, cited the organization’s experience in responding to disease outbreaks around the world.“Whether fighting Ebola in West Africa, tackling HIV and tuberculosis for a generation, or facing the sudden emergence of cholera in Haiti, we at Partners In Health know that even as we prepare the hospitals in the commonwealth to provide safe and effective care to all the people who are sick, we must simultaneously stop the ongoing spread of COVID-19 if we are to end this terrible pandemic,” she said at the State House during a Boston press conference announcing the collaboration.The Massachusetts COVID-19 Community Tracing Collaborative (CTC) is designed to not just flatten the curve but to bend the curve downward to more rapidly reduce the number of cases in Massachusetts.The CTC is a partnership of four groups: Massachusetts COVID-19 Response Command Center, Commonwealth Health Insurance Connector Authority, Massachusetts Department of Public Health, and Partners In Health.PIH will coordinate closely with the state’s Department of Public Health and Executive Office of Health and Human Services to support the state’s efforts by training and deploying hundreds of contact tracers, who will call people who have been in close contact with confirmed COVID-19 patients. The CTC’s work will be combined with the state’s response initiatives and will provide support to people in quarantine to contain the spread of COVID-19.Mukherjee, who is also associate professor of medicine in the Department of Global Health Equity at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, spoke about how effective contact tracing can help people learn their COVID-19 status, or possible risks, and take appropriate steps to care for their families.“Access to this information helps contacts to know how to protect their loved ones, and to get tested or cared for themselves,” she said. “Without knowing our own status, without being able to specifically protect our loved ones, we are all living in the dark. And we know that there is significant anxiety in this darkness.”Mukherjee spoke about her own experience, sharing a home with her elderly mother and wanting to keep her free of COVID-19.“We believe that people want to know if they have been in contact with this disease,” she said. “Knowing one’s status will shine the light on this epidemic and make it possible for Gov. Baker’s great vision — of having the commonwealth lead on stopping transmission — to happen.”Mukherjee and Paul Farmer, the Kolokotrones University Professor of Global Health and Social Medicine at Harvard and co-founder and chief strategist of PIH, both spoke about how the collaborative will approach contact tracing with love and compassion, to humanely inform people of their risks and provide access to social support and resources.“I am grateful as a citizen, I am grateful as a Brigham and Women’s physician and Harvard Medical School professor, to join this effort with the expert mercy that is called for in these times,” Farmer said.“Enhanced tracing capacity is an enormously powerful tool for public health officials to rely on in their battle against COVID-19,” Baker said. “By monitoring and isolating through an enhanced community tracing program, our state can be positioned to reduce the number of cases in the long run.” Organized to fight the pandemiclast_img read more

Do you know the answers to these questions

first_imgby: Henry MeierDon’t be fooled by the fact that it’s a beautiful morning here in Albany New York and Memorial Day is right around the Corner. These are actually compliance omens.  It means that time is running out for your credit union to take a serious look at how it plans to comply with the new integrated disclosure requirements that kick in for mortgage applications   received on or after August 1. You will be providing a loan Estimate and a Closing Document to your members.My concern is that, whereas the industry spent months fretting over the QM rules,  the sense I get is that the integrated disclosure rules haven’t generated the same angst.  To the extent this is because you have used the last year to get ready I apologize and you can go on with your day. To the extent that there are some of you who think  this rule is something that your vendor will take care of grab a second cup of coffee-this is admittedly dry reading  in the morning-and ask yourself these basic operational questions. The new   mortgage disclosures involve operational considerations that  will impact your credit union’s bottom line.Are you ready to make sure that your anxious homebuyers receive their Closing Disclosures at least three days before the loan is consummated?This is probably the change with which you are most familiar.  The days of a member getting the HUD1   at closing are over. With very narrow exceptions a Closing Disclosure must be received at least three business days before consummation.  (A business day for purposes of the closing Disclosure requirement is all calendar days except Sundays and legal holidays) continue reading » ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more

Gaming: Jackpot!

first_imgWould you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletters To access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week.last_img

100,000 deaths as coronavirus pandemic continues to rage

first_imgThe first person to officially die from the novel coronavirus was a 61-year-old Chinese man from Wuhan on January 9. Now, three months later, by April 10, more than 100,000 people have succumbed to the disease. “There are problems with all the indicators, but the number of cases depends a lot on the number of tests,” said French epidemiologist Catherine Hill.”The number of dead is a good indicator provided that you do not change the parameter along the way.”  In France, for example, deaths in nursing homes were not counted until April 2 and the daily number of deaths in these establishments prior to that date would have to be reconstructed.Some countries, such as Spain, have also questioned whether their tolls might be higher, as people dying at home are generally not taken into account.Plateau in some European countriesWith 70,270 deaths out of 857,822 cases — equivalent to 70 percent and 52 percent of the global totals respectively — Europe remains the hardest-hit region by the pandemic. On March 22, it had registered fewer than 10,000 deaths. The spread has accelerated in recent weeks — in 11 days, the number of deaths has doubled. Almost everywhere in Europe, morgues are overwhelmed, with coffins lined up in churches in Bergamo, an ice rink in Madrid and a market hall in Rungis in France.Italy and Spain are the two European countries hardest hit, with 18,849 and 15,843 deaths respectively.But there appear to be the first glimmers of hope — after a peak of nearly a thousand deaths in 24 hours, on March 27 in Italy and on April 2 in Spain, the daily figures seem to have reached a plateau and are slowly starting to come down.In the last 24 hours, Italy has recorded 570 dead and Spain 605.Nevertheless, the situation is continuing to get worse in others, such as Britain, with 980 deaths in the last 24 hours, or Belgium, with 496 over the same period. United States, a major new hotspotThe disease is now spreading fastest in the United States, and New York state in particular, where the number of registered cases has surpassed Italy’s, with more than 160,000 for the state and 93,000 for New York city alone.More than 28 percent of the global number of cases have been registered in the US — 486,490 as of 1900 GMT on Friday. Even if the number of people who have been hospitalised has stabilised in a number of states, with 18,002 deaths, the US has the second highest death toll in the world after Italy. A statistical model published by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), which takes into account the way the epidemic has evolved in China and Europe, has, however, revised downwards a number of times the total number of deaths expected in the US — first from 93,000 to 82,000, and then again to 60,000. This forecasting model ranges from a total of 25,000 dead (most optimistic scenario) to 155,000 (most pessimistic).After Italy, the United States and Spain, the countries most affected in terms of the number of deaths are France with 13,197 deaths, Britain with 8,958, Iran with 4,232 and mainland China with 3,336. The tally has been compiled using data from AFP bureaus, as well as statistics from the relevant national authorities and from the WHO.  First Asia, then Europe in March and now the United States have each, in turn, become the epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic, which has forced more than half of humanity into lockdown. Despite sometimes draconian confinement measures, the number of daily deaths has accelerated across the globe — from fewer than 500 per day in mid-March, to more than 5,000 at the start of April and now nearly 7,500.  Topics : In the last eight days, more deaths were registered than in the preceding 84 days. In all, at least 100,859 people have died from coronavirus, according to an AFP tally at 1900 GMT on Friday, using official figures. More than 1.6 million declared cases have been registered in 193 countries, of which at least 335,900 are considered recovered. The tallies, using data collected by AFP from national authorities and information from the World Health Organization (WHO), probably reflect only a fraction of the actual number of infections. Many countries are only testing the most serious cases. Others do not have a policy of large-scale testing when resources are severely lacking, as in Africa. last_img read more