The emperor penguin – vulnerable to projected rates of warming and sea ice loss

first_imgWe argue the need to improve climate change forecasting for ecology, and importantly, how to relate long-term projections to conservation. As an example, we discuss the need for effective management of one species, the emperor penguin, Aptenodyptes forsteri. This species is unique amongst birds in that its breeding habit is critically dependent upon seasonal fast ice. Here, we review its vulnerability to ongoing and projected climate change, given that sea ice is susceptible to changes in winds and temperatures. We consider published projections of future emperor penguin population status in response to changing environments. Furthermore, we evaluate the current IUCN Red List status for the species, and recommend that its status be changed to Vulnerable, based on different modelling projections of population decrease of ≥50% over the current century, and the specific traits of the species. We conclude that current conservation measures are inadequate to protect the species under future projected scenarios. Only a reduction in anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions will reduce threats to the emperor penguin from altered wind regimes, rising temperatures and melting sea ice; until such time, other conservation actions are necessary, including increased spatial protection at breeding sites and foraging locations. The designation of large-scale marine spatial protection across its range would benefit the species, particularly in areas that have a high probability of becoming future climate change refugia. We also recommend that the emperor penguin is listed by the Antarctic Treaty as an Antarctic Specially Protected Species, with development of a species Action Plan.last_img read more

VIDEO: SAES Delivers First SDL-SS to Swedish Defence Materiel Administration

first_imgBack to overview,Home naval-today VIDEO: SAES Delivers First SDL-SS to Swedish Defence Materiel Administration View post tag: SDL-SS View post tag: Video View post tag: Swedish February 1, 2013 View post tag: Navy View post tag: Spain View post tag: Administration View post tag: Defence Equipment & technology View post tag: Naval View post tag: Materiel VIDEO: SAES Delivers First SDL-SS to Swedish Defence Materiel Administration View post tag: News by topic View post tag: first Sociedad Anónima de Electrónica Submarina (SAES), a Spanish company specialized in underwater acoustics and electronics, has delivered the first Sensor Data Link-Surface Segment (SDL-SS) to the Swedish Defence Materiel Administration (FMV).This is the first formal delivery; SAES will deliver a total of five SDL-SS systems over the years 2013 and 2014.SAES has successfully completed the Functional Qualification Test Procedure (FQTP) of the Sensor Data Link Surface Segment (SDL-SS) with the attendance of the Royal Swedish Navy and the Swedish Defence Materiel (FMV).SAES SDL system provides a unique, fully integrated ship/air weapon system, initially designed to enhance and extend the ship acoustic sensors (ASW). SDL also enhances the Anti Surface Warfare (ASuW) and specially the Anti Ship Surveillance and Targeting (ASST) mission extending ship’s horizon of Non-Acoustic Sensors (NAS).SDL provide Surface to Air (S2A), Surface to Surface (S2S) directional wide band tactical/sensor data exchange, and Ku Band SATCOM (S2SAT) capabilities allowing full Network Concept Warfare (NCW) implementation.The SDL System is built up of two segments:Airborne Segment (SDL-AS) installed on manned/unmanned. Presently SDL-AS is fully operational on HKP-15 HelicopterSurface Segment (SDL-SS) to be installed on Surface Platforms as ships, ground stations etc.SDL-AS is a distant and elevated platform for sensors. The SDL-AS provides remote ASW capabilities without the need of a dedicated operator.SDL-SS controls and monitors SDL-AS operation from the Surface Segment. Through the data link (STANAG 7085 compliance), acoustic and non-acoustic sensors and tactical data are downlinked and interchanged with other Surface Segments or through SATCOM.The SDL system is able to extend the area of the small combatants beyond the limits of its sensors for detection, tracking and classification of underwater and surface contacts. To achieve this capability, the SDL system is able to: Control an air vehicle ASW operation (manned or unmanned) and receive acoustic and non-acoustic sensor data: Surface-To-Air (S2A) mode.Exchange data with other Surface Platform: Surface-To-Surface (S2S) mode.Extend SDL capabilities beyond LOS (Line of Sight) capability through a satellite network: Surface-To-SAT (S2SAT) modeThese operating modes allow the SDL system to collaborate in a Network Centric Warfare (NCW) with the objective to interchange acoustic, non acoustic and tactical information between the different deployed forces in a safe (STANAG 7085) and fast way. This information can be exploited worldwide via Satellite.The SDL system provides a wide set of tools and aids for mission planning, direction and control as well as for Sonobuoy acoustic signal processing. Non-acoustic sensors (NAS) data and images are also displayed and distributed to the Surface system.[mappress]Naval Today Staff, February 1, 2013; Image: SAES View post tag: SAES View post tag: delivers Share this articlelast_img read more

Junior doctors’ strike comes to Oxford

first_imgThis week, doctors on strike, alongside other protestors, gathered outside of the Sheldonian Theatre on Broad Street. The gathering was in conjunction with the national strike of Junior Doctors, which was called by the British Medical Association (BMA).The strike in Oxford began with a picket line outside of the John Radcliffe Hospital, before moving onto the more visible Broad Street location.Placards reading ‘Save our NHS’ and ‘NOT SAFE, NOT FAIR’ were displayed in relation to Jeremy Hunt’s proposed changes to junior doctors’ contracts, which the BMA has argued are unfair on doctors and compromise patient safety. Amongst the crowd were dozens of striking doctors wearing white scrubs and stethoscopes.Two foundation doctors in their second year, Steph White and Rachael Fleming, told Cherwell, “Junior doctors did not want it to come to industrial action, but we are worried about the proposed plans for patients, us, and the NHS.”NHS staffs were joined in their demonstration by sympathetic students and members of the public, including demonstrators from the Oxford University Labour Club.Momentum Oxford, a successor organisation to Jeremy Corbyn’s Labour leadership campaign, also showed solidarity with today’s junior doctors taking industrial action in Oxford with about a dozen members present to show their support.A spokesperson from Momentum Oxford told Cherwell, “we stood in solidarity with the junior doctors today because we believe this Tory government is trying to bully them into accepting a contract that is both unfair and unsafe.”They added, “The overwhelming support for the strike amongst BMA members (98%) shows that Jeremy Hunt is unambiguously in the wrong: these are people committed to serving those in need, and they would not strike unless forced to do so. With Jeremy Corbyn’s Labour Party, we call on Hunt to change his position, and end his attacks on the NHS.”Dr. Mark Toynbee, also in attendance, told Cherwell, “We are very pleased by the overwhelming public support by the picket and on broad street and hope that will be a basis for constructive progress.”last_img read more

COA: Expert Should Have Testified About Personal Medical Practices

first_img COA: Expert Should Have Testified About Personal Medical PracticesMarilyn Odendah for www.indianalawyer.comIn a case of first impression, the Indiana Court of Appeals ruled a patient in a medical malpractice case should have been able to cross-examine the medical expert about his personal medical practices.David Oaks filed a malpractice complaint after he suffered a perforated colon which required surgery to repair, the removal of his spleen and a long rehabilitation that included more operations. He argued that his surgeon Timothy Chamberlain should have ordered an x-ray after the surgery to remove his gallbladder which would have shown a problem in the colon.At trial in Whitley Circuit Court, Chamberlain offered the testimony of Wayne Moore, M.D., who testified that the defendant did not violate the standard of care when treating Oaks. Outside the presence of the jury, Oaks elicited testimony from Moore that he would have obtained a post-operative x-ray.However, the trial court did not allow the jury to hear those statements by Moore. The jury returned a verdict in favor of Chamberlain.Oaks appealed, raising the question of whether cross-examination of an adversary medical expert on his or her personal practices can be used to impeach the expert’s credibility regarding his or her opinion on the standard of care.Arguing the Court of Appeals should allow evidence of personal medical practices to attack testimony about the standard of care, Oaks and amicus curiae Indiana Trial Lawyers Association noted a majority of other states to address this issue have held an expert can be impeached with his personal practices when they differ from the accepted practices.Chamberlain maintained Moore’s testimony should have been excluded because it only showed that the expert would have gone beyond the common medical treatment. It did not conflict with what he told the jury about the standard of care.The Court of Appeals reversed the trial court and remanded the case for a new trial in David Oaks v. Timothy R. Chamberlain, M.D., 92A04-1609-CC-2941. The judges found Moore’s testimony was incomplete because he only stated he would have gotten an x-ray but did not give a reason why he would have done so.“Dr. Moore’s testimony about his personal practices was in conflict with his testimony on the standard of care,” Judge Edward Najam wrote for the court. “Therefore, he personal practice testimony was relevant and admissible. … The disparity in Dr. Moore’s testimony was relevant for impeachment purposes.”Chamberlain countered with two additional arguments.First, he asserted even if personal practices testimony was relevant, it should have been excluded under Indiana Rule of Evidence 403. The testimony’s probative value was substantially outweighed by its potential to cause unfair prejudice and confuse the jury.Second, even if it was an error to exclude testimony about Moore’s personal practices, he contended the error was harmless.The Court of Appeals disagreed with both arguments.The appellate panel found the jury is capable of understanding that the standard of care and a witness’s credibility about the standard of care are not one and the same. Also, it ruled that the exclusion of Moore’s personal practices testimony had a probable impact on Oaks’ substantial rights.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

News story: Fatal accident, Twerton

first_imgThis item has been moved to the National Archives as RAIB has published its report describing this accident. See report 14/2019.,At around 22:04 hrs on 1 December 2018, a passenger travelling on a train from Bath to Bristol struck her head on a tree branch near to Twerton, about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west of Bath Spa station. The train was travelling at about 85 mph (137 km/h) and the passenger sustained fatal injuries.The train was the 20:30 Paddington to Exeter service formed of a GWR High Speed Train (HST). Witness evidence indicates that the passenger was standing at a door on the side facing away from the other track. The door was fitted with an opening droplight window, which is used to access the door handle fitted to the outside of the door. A yellow ‘Caution’ label above the door states ‘Do not lean out of window when train is moving’. The window was reported to have been opened and the passenger had her head out of the window.Our investigation will encompass examination of the measures in place to control the risks from persons leaning out of train windows, including the threat from vegetation.Our investigation is independent of any investigation by the railway industry, the British Transport Police or by the industry’s regulator, the Office of Rail and Road.We will publish our findings, including any recommendations to improve safety, at the conclusion of our investigation. This report will be available on our website.You can subscribe to automated emails notifying you when we publish our reports.last_img read more

Seeing Harvard at dawn

first_img 127:29 a.m. — Members of the 6:30 a.m. section of the November Project reconvene at their starting place after they completed — or attempted to complete — running each section of Harvard Stadium. They join hands before raising their arms for a group photo. As is customary at many early morning exercise events, they embrace one another before and after their workout routine. 16 a.m. — A member of the 5:30 a.m. November Project group is illuminated by a fellow runner’s headlamp as he scales the stone steps of Harvard Stadium. He is one of hundreds of people who gather in the stadium every Wednesday morning, regardless of the month. 57:30 a.m. — Bob Smith sorts mail at the Harvard Mail Service Center in Allston. He and several other postal workers sing along to the radio as they prepare the day’s mail for delivery. 97:20 a.m. — Members of the men’s rowing team stretch before an exhibition race between the lightweight and heavyweight teams as an alternative to their typical morning workout. 46:34 a.m. — A pair of runners, clad in winter hats and gloves, brave the harsh 30-degree temperatures for a predawn run along the Esplanade. 67:51 a.m. — Harvard University junior and Café Gato Rojo employee Blessing Jee jokes with her manager, grad student Peter Kim, as she unloads fresh pastries delivered daily from the Danish Pastry House, a local bakery. The coffee house in the basement of Dudley House is student-run, and accessible only to members of the University. 26:09 a.m. — A gate to Harvard Yard appears nearly in silhouette moments before the sun rises. 147:27 a.m. — Members of the lightweight and heavyweight crew teams unload boats from outdoor storage in preparation for early morning practice. 87:49 a.m. — Minutes before his 8 a.m. alarm chimes, a Harvard Kennedy School student is seen napping after a night of studying in Lamont Library. center_img 36:17 a.m. — Out of Town News employee Mohamed Rahman greets the first customers of the day. He hands them complimentary copies of The Boston Globe as they chat over their morning coffee. Just before the first customer arrives around 8 a.m., Café Gato Rojo employee Blessing Jee ’18 lifts a fresh bag of Colombian coffee beans to her nose. “This is my favorite part,” she says as she exhales. Jee says she’s not a morning person, but her warm smile and personalized latte foam drawings tell a different story.Across the river, hundreds gather in Harvard Stadium Wednesday mornings in November at 5:30 a.m. to run the iconic steps for the November Project. Around the same time, others prefer a quiet sunrise run along the Esplanade, where members of the rowing team take to the Charles River for practice.Not everyone is as quick on their feet early in the morning. Students can be seen napping in Lamont Library, which is accessible 24 hours a day.Whether early birds or night owls, however, there is no question the people of Harvard University know how to start the day off on the right foot. 107:41 a.m. — Harvard University Mail Service employee Maggie Norburg transfers mail from the sorting center to a truck for delivery. 156:49 a.m. — Mohamed Rahman unloads newspapers from around the world at Out of Town News, as he does each morning beginning around 6:30 a.m. 77:54 a.m. — Blessing Jee carefully arranges pastries before customers arrive. 136:45 a.m. — Curtis Sherrod exchanges the dirty towels for freshly laundered ones at Weld Boathouse. Members of the women’s crew team thank Sherrod as they pass him on their way to practice. 117:22 a.m. — Harvard University freshman Oliver Hansen, a member of the men’s lightweight crew team, makes adjustments to a boat inside the Newell Boathouse before practice. last_img read more

Odds & Ends: Sneak Peek of Kristin Chenoweth’s Oklahoma! & More

first_imgBrian d’Arcy James’ Film HonorMore good news for the much-buzzed about new movie Spotlight, which features Something Rotten! headliner Brian d’Arcy James. The three-time Tony nominee has been honored with a special Gotham Jury Award alongside co-stars Michael Keaton, Rachel McAdams, Tony nominees Mark Ruffalo and Stanley Tucci, as well as Tony winners Billy Crudup and Liev Schreiber, for their ensemble work in the drama. Spotlight also received Gotham Award nominations for Best Feature and Best Screenplay. Following The Boston Globe’s Pulitzer Prize-winning coverage of the Massachusetts Catholic sex abuse scandal, check out Spotlight’s first trailer here.Spend Halloween With Daphne Rubin-VegaYou wanna play…on Halloween? There will be a free (via online lottery) late night performance by two-time Tony nominee Daphne Rubin-Vega in Empanada Loca on October 31. Penned and directed by Aaron Mark, the solo thriller is inspired by true events and the legend of Sweeney Todd. Labyrinth Theater Company’s world premiere is running off-Broadway at Bank Street Theater through November 8.Blur Frontman Damon Albarn’s New CareerBlur frontman and Gorillaz mastermind Damon Albarn has recently turned his hand to writing tuners and he’s been opening up about his latest, wonder.land, which will bow at the U.K.’s National Theatre later this month. “I really love writing musicals,” Albarn told The New York Times. “This is my third one; if it doesn’t work, I don’t know whether they’ll give me another chance.” Inspired by Lewis Carroll’s Alice in Wonderland, with a book and lyrics by Dying for It playwright Moira Buffini and helmed by the National’s Artistic Director Rufus Norris himself, we’re sure it’ll be magical!A Christmas Carol Returns to New YorkBah humbug! For the third year in a row, John Kevin Jones will portray Charles Dickens, re-enacting the author’s December 1867 trip to New York City, where he performed a month of sold-out shows of his beloved holiday classic, A Christmas Carol. The 60-minute presentation will run December 10 through December 24 in the Greek Revival parlor of the landmark 1832 Merchant’s House Museum, complete with 19th century holiday decorations, flickering candles and period furnishings. Christmas wouldn’t be Christmas without Scrooge! View Comments Star Files Kristin Chenoweth Here’s a quick roundup of stories you may have missed today. Peek of Cheno’s Oklahoma!Movie theaters across the nation will be screening Rodgers & Hammerstein’s Oklahoma! beginning November 1 in celebration of the classic musical’s 60th anniversary. The event is set to include a special bonus featurette starring Kristin Chenoweth—check out a first look at her rendition of “People Will Say We’re In Love” below. (Although we always want to throw bouquets at the Tony winner…could this be a problem?!)last_img read more

Cape Wind approval marks milestone for American offshore wind industry

first_imgUS Secretary Ken Salazar has announced approval of the first-ever Construction and Operation Plan  (COP) for a U.S. offshore wind energy project, granting Cape Wind Associates the official go-ahead to begin construction on the over-100-turbine project across 25 square miles of Nantucket Sound.  When complete, the project will produce enough electricity to supply hundreds of thousands of American homes.  The American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) congratulates Cape Wind and the Department of the Interior for the progress it has made in developing the American offshore wind industry. ‘Offshore wind power is the new frontier for our industry,” said Denise Bode, CEO of AWEA. ‘Thank you to Secretary Salazar for being a champion of offshore wind and for his commitment to making this industry a reality.  The Secretary understands the manufacturing and job opportunities that offshore wind brings to America and knows that it needs long-term policy support in order to do so.’  Joined by Dennis Duffy, vice president of Cape Wind Associates and Michael Bromwich, director of the Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Secretary Salazar signed the COP at the historic Charlestown Navy Yard in Boston.  AWEA is the national trade association of America’s wind industry, with more than 2,500 member companies, including global leaders in wind power and energy development, wind turbine manufacturing, component and service suppliers, and the world’s largest wind power trade show. AWEA is the voice of wind energy in the U.S., promoting renewable energy to power a cleaner, stronger America.  Look up information on wind energy at the AWEA Web site. Find insight on industry issues at AWEA’s blog Into the Wind. Join AWEA on Facebook. Follow AWEA on Twitter. Boston, MA (April 19, 2011) ‘last_img read more

EIA: Coal’s share of U.S. electric generation will fall to 21% this year

first_img FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享S&P Global Market Intelligence ($):Coal production and generation are expected to drop again in 2020 before stabilizing for the near-term, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) projected in its latest monthly energy forecast.The EIA expects coal’s share of electricity generation will fall from 24% in 2019 to 21% in 2020 and 2021. Meanwhile, the agency expects U.S. production of coal to stabilize in 2021 as export demand rises and U.S. power sector consumption of coal increases slightly due to a projected rise in natural gas.The EIA forecasts Henry Hub natural gas spot prices will average $2.11/MMBtu in 2020 before increasing in 2021, to reach an annual average of $2.51/MMBtu.The drop in coal generation is occurring as natural gas consumption is expected to remain relatively steady. However, electricity generation from renewable energy sources in the U.S. is expected to rise from a 17% share last year to 19% in 2020 and 21% in 2021.Coal production in 2020 is expected to total 573 million tons in 2020, down 17% from 2019 coal production volumes. The EIA said the decline in production volume is a function of falling utility demand for coal. Electric sector demand for coal in the U.S. is expected to fall by 16%, or 86 million tons, in 2020.Coal exports from the U.S. are expected to average about 78 million tons this year, about 9% lower than what the EIA forecast in its February short-term energy outlook. The revision is due to lower expected demand as global markets for coal have weakened. EIA expects metallurgical coal exports to fall from 55.1 million tons in 2019 to 47.2 million tons in 2020 before rebounding slightly to 49.5 million tons in 2021.[Taylor Kuykendall]More ($): EIA’s latest forecast sees coal dropping to 21% of US power generation in 2020 EIA: Coal’s share of U.S. electric generation will fall to 21% this yearlast_img read more

Guyana Sees Drug Trafficking Spike in Wake of Colombian Crackdown

first_img Guyana’s Civil Aviation Authority (GCAA) says it will be too expensive to invest in a primary radar system that covers a radius of only 70 miles, considering sparsely populated Guyana itself measures 83,000 square miles — about the size of Great Britain. Currently, radar data from neighboring countries is being shared. In November, Malaysian authorities intercepted $7.1 million worth of cocaine in sealed tins of coconut milk that had been shipped from Guyana. That same month, CANU agents unearthed 233 kilos of cocaine stashed in a consignment of powdered detergent destined for the West African nation of Niger. The following month, a Guyanese man who attempted to ship 327 kilos of cocaine in fish food to China pleaded guilty to smuggling charges, and was sentenced to four years in prison. “Guyana has been benefitting from training through CBSI to strengthen its law enforcement units to deal with drug trafficking and other threats,” said Singh, adding that drug traffickers are shifting to lucrative and less risky destinations in Africa and Asia — and away from closely guarded countries like the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States. Local officials say the decision by Brazil and Venezuela to shoot down illicit drug planes has resulted in fewer cocaine-laden aircraft entering Guyanese airspace. In September, Brazilian officials began teaching their Guyanese counterparts how to use Brazil’s Amazon Surveillance Integrated SIVAM/SIPAM system to monitor the area by satellite for illegal activities and environmental degradation. “Traffickers are attracted by the country’s poorly monitored ports, remote airstrips, intricate river networks, porous land borders and weak security sector capacity,” states the report. “Smugglers also transit land borders with Brazil, Venezuela, and Suriname. Cocaine is often concealed in legitimate commodities and smuggled via commercial maritime vessels, air transport, human couriers, or the postal services.” “It’s about new and emerging markets and who offers the best price. The multi-ton loads are what you see the U.S. intercepting, but then in other areas you’re seeing smaller loads because there is more money to be made and you reduce the risk by sending smaller loads,” Singh explained. “It’s easy to lose 50 kilos as opposed to, say, 500 or 5,000 kilos, and your returns are a lot greater.” Singh said traffickers prefer such emerging destinations because they’d rather see smaller amounts of drugs seized there than huge quantities seized in North America or Great Britain. Officials: $21 million worth of cocaine seized last year In 2012, according to government statistics, Guyanese authorities seized $21 million worth of cocaine at airports and seaports. In Guyana, one kilo of cocaine costs only $5,000 — while that same kilo can bring $30,000 in New York, $120,000 in China and $200,000 in Australia. He said the GDF has begun balancing its manpower and material resources to offer greater intelligence-gathering and operational support to CANU and the police. Guyanese laws prohibit soldiers from engaging in civilian operations on their own. Clandestine airstrips and fake registrations By Dialogo March 25, 2013center_img And…¿What will it be good for? Thanks for those notes. Those who speak are noticeable. People who are suffering the calamity of hunger, poverty and inequality, need to defend themselves, in any way. The “drug dealer” problem is not of the humble people or poor people, since it’s the the rich ones who can consume vices; because of the great ambition of attacking narcotics, since they provide dollars, they neglect their people: health, education, food, dwelling, etc. “We will deal with that when funds are available and as soon as those who benefit the most from this activity may be able to give us funding,” said Aviation Minister Robeson Benn. Added Guyana’s national security minister, Clement Rohee: What we are doing is building files on people, so that when we decide to move — with the permission of the court and the DPP [Director of Public Prosecutions] — I think we’ll be in a much better position than we are in now.” However, when air traffic controllers lost contact with the plane, Guyanese police and soldiers embarked on a search-and-rescue mission. They eventually found the freshly painted plane with extra fuel tanks and pumps — as well as a bogus Venezuelan registration. James Singh, head of Guyana’s Customs Anti-Narcotics Unit (CANU), said high-speed boats and modern technology offered by that program will hopefully stop traffickers in their tracks. Enforcing laws already on the books Last October, authorities discovered an Ecuadorian-registered plane parked on a clandestine airstrip near Guyana’s border with Brazil. When the Cessna 421 lifted off, the plane’s Brazilian pilot followed a flight plan that would have taken it to the nearby city of Boa Vista. The U.S. State Department’s 2013 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report paints a bleak picture of the uphill task Guyana faces. GEORGETOWN, Guyana — Guyana is banking on the U.S.-funded Caribbean Basin Security Initiative (CBSI) to buffer the impact of a Colombian drug crackdown that has pushed traffickers to exploit new routes and high-paying markets for cocaine. Commodore Gary Best, chief of staff of the Guyana Defense Force, said CBSI-funded high-speed boats will help Guyana’s Coast Guard intercept drugs coming from Colombia through neighboring Venezuela. last_img read more