Variation in foraging effort by lactating Antarctic fur seals: response to simulated increased foraging costs

first_imgSeasonally breeding predators, which are limited in the time available for provisioning young at a central location, and by the fasting abilities of the young, are likely to maximize energy delivery to the young by maximizing the rate of energy delivery averaged over the whole period of investment. Reduction in food availability or increased foraging costs will alter the optimal behavior of individuals. This study examined the behavioral adaptations of a diving predator, the Antarctic fur seal, to increased foraging costs during lactation. One group of mothers (n=5, treatment) was fitted with additional drag to increase the cost of transport in comparison with a control group (n=8). At the scales of the individual dives, the treatment group made more shorter, shallower (< 30 m) dives. Compensation for slower swimming speeds was achieved by diving at a steeper angle. Overall, diving behavior conformed to several specific theoretical predictions but there were also departures from theory, particularly concerning swimming speed during diving. Diving behavior appears to be adjusted to maximize the proportion of time spent at the bottom of dives. At the scale of diving bouts, no difference was observed between the treatment and control groups in terms of the frequency and duration of bouts and there was also no difference between the two groups in terms of the proportion of time spent diving. At the scale of complete foraging cycles, time taken to return to the pup was significantly longer in the treatment group but there was no difference in the rate of delivery of energy (measured from pup growth rate) to the pups in each group. Since mothers in the treatment group did not use significantly more body reserves, we conclude that behavioral adjustments at the scale of individual dives allowed mothers in the treatment group to compensate for the additional foraging costs. Pup growth rate appears to be less sensitive to the foraging conditions experienced by mothers than foraging trip duration.last_img read more

US Navy chief visits Norwegian, UK counterparts

first_imgThe US Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) Adm. John Richardson has visited Norway and the UK to strengthen maritime partnerships and international relationships.While in Norway from June. 24 to 26, Richardson was hosted by his counterpart, Chief of the Royal Norwegian Navy Rear Adm. Nils Andreas Stensones. He also met with Norway’s chief of defence, Admiral Haakon Bruun-Hanssen and other senior officials.The leaders discussed expanding and strengthening the partnership between their two navies by exploring new opportunities for combined forward operations.In addition to meeting with defense officials, Richardson went underway on Skjold-class corvette HNoMS Glimt in Bergen.Richardson said the US and Norway naval partnership is a priority and a relationship he seeks to strengthen through information sharing, interoperability initiatives, and combined operations.“The defense and naval cooperation between the United States and Norway has been robust for decades and has increased significantly in recent years,” Richardson said. “The United States and Norway are steadfast members of NATO and reliable partners. Important dimensions of our relationship are truly unique and exquisite. This visit helped illuminate new areas where we can work together even more closely to our mutual benefit and to help advance the security and prosperity of the region.”Richardson joined Norwegian state officials and senior U.S. diplomats aboard the Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyer USS Bainbridge (DDG 96) for a reception hosted by U.S. Ambassador Kenneth Braithwaithe, where he affirmed the close partnership between the United States and Norway.After the Norway visit, Adm. Richardson headed to the UK where he is hosted by the Royal Navy chief First Sea Lord, Adm Philip Jones. The two are scheduled to attend an event hosted by the International Institute for Strategic Studies where they will share their thoughts on the roles of “global navies” in safeguarding security and prosperity. Share this article View post tag: Royal Navy View post tag: US Navycenter_img Photo: Chief of Naval Operations Adm. John Richardson delivers remarks during a reception aboard the Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Bainbridge (DDG 96) in Oslo, Norway, June 25, 2018. Photo: US Navy View post tag: Royal Norwegian Navylast_img read more

Press release: Free childcare to be extended to foster carers for the first time

first_img We know childcare is one of the biggest issues affecting working parents of all kinds, which is why I am pleased that 340,000 people have benefitted from 30 hours of free childcare. Foster parents do an incredible job caring for children whose young lives have been disrupted in difficult and often traumatic ways, bringing them back into a supportive family unit and providing a more settled home life. We want to make sure foster parents have the option of being able to work on top of their caring responsibilities, where it works for them and the children they care for. For many, this could make the difference between being able to foster or not, so it’s absolutely right that we support them with this challenging but rewarding role. The 30 hours free childcare offer is backed by the government’s record investment of around £6 billion per year in childcare, which includes an extra £1 billion per year by 2020 to deliver the free entitlements.Kevin Williams, Chief Executive of The Fostering Network said: We warmly welcome this announcement which has rectified the initial exclusion of fostered children from this policy, and are pleased that the Department for Education listened to our calls for change. The 15 extra hours will not be appropriate for all fostered children, but some foster carers, particularly family and friends carers and those offering long-term fostering, will need or want to combine fostering with work outside of the home, and this change will enable them to be able to do so. This is particularly good news for the recruitment of foster carers and is consistent with the message from Government that fostering can be combined with other work. The Government also announces that over 340,000 children were in a 30 hour place in the first year of the policy.Foster parents will have access to the Government’s flagship 30 hours free childcare offer for three-and-four-year-olds from September, giving them the same rights as other working families in England.The extension marks a significant step forward in improving the support available for foster families who work, allowing them to take up the additional 15 hours of free childcare already available to other working parents since September 2017.Today (21 June) the Department for Education has also published data showing over 340,000 children aged three and four years old benefitted from a 30 hours place in its first year, giving thousands of families access to high-quality, affordable childcare. Parents benefiting from the 30 hours free childcare offer can save up to £5,000 per year on their childcare costs, and some parents have been able to increase their work hours or work more flexibly – helping to put more money back in families’ pockets and balancing work and home lives.Minister for Children and Families, Nadhim Zahawi said: The move widens the range of childcare support already available from the Government, which parents who are not eligible for 30 hours may be able to access. This includes the universal offer of 15 hours of free childcare for three and four-year-olds, 15 free hours for the most disadvantaged two-year-olds, and Tax-Free Childcare, which can cut childcare costs by up to £2,000 per year for each child under 12 years old.last_img read more

Watch Vulfpeck Crushing ‘Game Winner’ In Newly Shared Video From The Studio

first_imgThe funk never stops with Vulfpeck. After thoroughly impressing fans with their 2015 album, Thrill of the Arts, the band has had a breakout 2016 with stops at festivals like Fool’s Paradise and Bonnaroo, with plans to perform at Red Rocks, Outside Lands, North Coast Music Festival and more coming up this summer.The band also continues to put out exciting content to entertain their fans, including this brand new video from their studio session recording the song “Game Winner.” With guest guitarist David T. Walker and vocalist Charles Jones, the energy level is at an all-time high in this exciting new video.Check out “Game Winner,” streaming below.last_img read more

Colombia and Ecuador Heighten Security on Shared Border

first_imgBy Yolima Dussán/Diálogo May 02, 2018 In a special session held on March 24, 2018, in Tulcán, home base of the Ecuadorean Army’s 31st Andes Brigade, authorities from Colombia and Ecuador agreed to intensify military coordination along their shared border. The agreement includes closer cooperation on intelligence operations to thwart attacks from illegal armed groups in the area. Aníbal Fernández, Colombia’s Vice Minister of Defense for International Policies and Affairs; Felipe Vega, Ecuador’s Vice Minister of Defense, and top military members from both nations resolved to implement new mechanisms to exchange information. Authorities also opted to heighten the combined presence of military units at critical points along the border. “Through this exercise, we reaffirm the excellent relationship between Colombia and Ecuador on security and defense matters, building on cooperation, instruments, and mechanisms we’ve strengthened over the years,” said Vice Minister Fernández at the end of the session. “Our analysis of the situation along the border allowed us to decide to establish more combined operations and exercises, resulting in greater security for the region.” Terrorism in the borderlands The Binational Border Commission (COMBIFRON, in Spanish) convened following a terrorist attack on March 20th, in the Ecuadorean province of Esmeralda, just across the border from the Colombian department of Nariño. Narcotraffickers and dissidents from the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) carried out the attack that left four service members dead and seven wounded. A patrol of marines implementing surveillance and control operations was attacked with an explosive device near a naval detachment in the Mataje River area of the San Lorenzo district, along the northern border with Colombia. “The Ecuadorean service members responded to the attack, which led to a confrontation,” reported the office of Ecuador’s Secretary of Communication. Terrorist attacks have been on the rise in this area since the start of 2018. On January 27th, a car bomb exploded in San Lorenzo, wounding 28 people. Since then, there have been six other incidents of armed aggression against Ecuadorean security forces and civilians. “We established a series of agreements to deploy more security troops to the border area,” said Vice Minister Vega. “Today’s work will result in coordinated actions from the armed forces to redouble security in the areas most impacted by conflict.” Specific exercises Authorities prioritized COMBIFRON’s decisions in line with the analysis of the region’s security situation. Police forces from both countries agreed to send Ecuadorean officers to Tumaco to be briefed on Colombia’s operations. An Ecuadorean intelligence officer will also be part of the combined information center’s staff to be set up in Ipiales, in the Colombian department of Nariño, for ongoing communication exchanges on matters like illegal mining, human trafficking, fuel smuggling, and money laundering. In a combined press conference, Army General Alberto José Mejía, general commander of the Colombian Military Forces, and Air Force General César Merizalde, head of the Ecuadorean Armed Forces Joint Command, committed to implement new mechanisms to exchange information and ramp up military presence in Nariño, Esmeraldas, and Carchi. They also laid the groundwork for collaboration between the two armed forces on combined civic operations to work with the communities and create a secure environment with government presence. “The recent violent events along the northern border generated unease among our fellow citizens,” said Gen. Merizalde. “Especially for those living in provinces that border Colombia.” The Colombian Military Forces increased operations in the area with the Hercules Task Force, a unit consisting of 9,000 personnel from the Army, Navy, and Police to bolster security and law and order in border municipalities. The mission is to protect 16,000 square kilometers in the border area, 116 km of oil pipelines, 640 power line pylons, and the Espriella-Río Mataje road project, which connects the ports of Tumaco and Esmeraldas. “This became a high-risk area because of the presence of armed criminal and narcotrafficking groups from Colombia that use Ecuadorean territory to carry out part of their illegal activities,” said Gen. Mejía. “We are aware of our nation’s problems, like illegal crops and narcotrafficking. It’s the inherent responsibility of our country and the Military Forces, and that’s why we deployed a force like Hercules”. Criminal groups in the border between Colombia and Ecuador strive to control coca growing lands and drug trafficking routes. A particular nemesis to locals is a FARC splinter group under Guacho’s command, a former guerrilla fighter whose criminal activities pose a threat to the security of both countries.last_img read more

Small Plane Crash Lands on Shelter Island

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York A small single-engine plane crash landed in Shelter Island on Sunday afternoon, but none of the three people aboard were injured.Shelter Island Town Police said the pilot of a 1997 Cessna Skyhawk 172R was trying to land at a an airstrip on the Island crashed into brush and a pond at the south end of the strip at 3 p.m.The plane was severely damaged but the pilot, 55-year-old Marc Andre of Manhattan, and his two passengers did not require medical treatment, police said.The Federal Aviation Administration and the National Transportation Safety Board are continuing the investigation.last_img read more

3 year-end tax moves you should make now

first_img 43SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,John Pettit John Pettit is the Managing Editor for John manages the content on the site, including current news, editorial, press releases, jobs and events. He keeps the credit union … Web: Details Whether it’s keeping tabs on your holiday spending or thinking about your 2017 tax return, you may be super focused on your finances at this time of year. Here are three year-end tax moves you should make now to prepare for 2018.Be charitable: When purchasing Christmas gifts this year, don’t forget your favorite non-profits and charities. A sizable donation will be a nice deduction to your tax bill. Plus, you’ll be able to help out your favorite charity at Christmas time, and that’ll make you feel good.Max out your retirement: Maxing out your IRA or 401k is a great idea for two reasons. First, you’re boosting your nest egg, which will make you very happy when it comes time to retire. The second reason is that you’re lowering your amount of taxable income, and that will save you money on taxes this year.Know your FSA rules: Under the current rules for flexible spending accounts, you won’t necessarily lose your FSA balance at the end of the year. But, it’s important you know the rules for your company’s FSA plan. You may have one of two options with your FSA: A “roll over” of up to $500 into the next year’s account or a 2.5 month grace period. Find out if your company provides one of these two deadline extensions before it’s too late.last_img read more

Does the proposed Mastercard/Visa settlement over interchange fees settle things once and for all?

first_img ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr The stakes are high – $90 billion in fees paid collectively by merchants each year, according to Bloomberg. The proposed class action settlement amount is record-breaking – $6.2 billion, the most significant dollar amount ever, to be paid to 12 million merchants who do not opt-out of the settlement.What does this mean for the future of interchange fees? It’s still murky, at best.A lawsuit that was being argued since 2005 was finally settled on September 18, 2018, some 13 years later. The class action was initially filed by the National Retail Federation, the Retail Industry Leaders Association, and the National Association of Convenience Stores, collectively representing about 12 million merchants in the U.S. It named Visa, Mastercard, and several large issuers, including JPMorgan Chase & Co., Citigroup Inc. and Bank of America Corp. as Defendants. The suit accuses the defendants of conspiring to fix interchange fees that businesses pay to process credit and debit cards. A previous settlement had been reached in 2012 but was thrown out by the courts. This time around, the settlement, which still needs to be approved by the courts, leaves open several unanswered issues. continue reading »last_img read more

PREMIUMIndonesia’s small banks still attracting investors despite growing risks

first_imgIndonesia’s small-scale banks are still attracting foreign investment despite rising concerns about the economic impacts of the emergency measures imposed by the government to halt the spread of COVID-19.Venture capitalist Patrick Walujo and former banker Jerry Ng, for example, have increased their stakes in publicly listed Bank Artos through a rights issue on April 2.Patrick’s stake in the bank through his Hong Kong-based Wealth Track Technology Limited was increased to 23.65 percent from 13.35 percent previously. In the meantime, Jerry’s stake in Bank Artos, owned through PT Metamorfosis Ekosistem Indonesia (MEI), rose to 66.7 percent from 37.65 percent.The moves were part of the investors’ plan to raise the bank’s classification from BUKU I, for banks with core capital below Rp 1 trillion (US$64.50 million), to BUKU II, for banks with core cap… Google Forgot Password ? Log in with your social account LOG INDon’t have an account? Register here Indonesia banking-industry small-banks acquisition foreign-investors Maspion-Bank OJK bank-artos Linkedin Facebook Topics :last_img read more

Arsenal close in on Thomas Lemar transfer as Atletico Madrid sanction move

first_imgMari is poised to have a medical in London (Picture: Getty)‘We are looking at different positions, obviously since I joined we lost Calum [Chambers] and we had other circumstances and injuries in that position so it’s true that at the back we have been short.‘There are other positions as well, depending on what happens in the market that we might need to assess.‘At the moment I am 50/50 [on signings] because this transfer [window] is very complicated and I only want to bring somebody in if I’m convinced he can really improve the level that we have.’MORE: Flamengo star Pablo Mari pictured with Edu flying to London to complete Arsenal moveMORE: Mikel Arteta dealt transfer blow with Arsenal target Layvin Kurzawa set to join Juventus from PSG Arteta has made no secret of his desire for reinforcements (Picture: Getty)Arsenal are thought to be exploring loan deals with possible options to buy and could seal a double signing before the window closes next week.Flamengo star Pablo Mari has flown to London to complete a move to Arsenal.The central defender was accompanied by Arsenal chief Edu on the flight to London after a breakthrough in talks on Friday night.More: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man CityArteta was asked about potential signings in his press conference ahead of Arsenal’s FA Cup game this weekend, but refused to comment on any names.‘I’m not going to be discussing any transfer links publicly,’ said the Spaniard.‘It’s something we are trying to do internally and when we have news we will communicate with you guys. Advertisement Advertisement Arsenal are keen on Lemar (Picture: Getty)Arsenal are closing in on the signing of Thomas Lemar from Atletico Madrid, according to reports from Spain.Lemar has long been linked with a transfer to the Premier League and was once a primary target for Arsene Wenger.Atletico won the race to sign Lemar back in 2018, paying over £50million for the forward, but the Frenchman has struggled to live up to his price tag in Spain.El Chiringuito claim Ateltico want to offload Lemar to raise funds to sign Edinson Cavani from Paris Saint-Germain.ADVERTISEMENTArsenal were declared the frontrunners and are now ‘close’ to securing a deal for Lemar.AdvertisementAdvertisementMikel Arteta is keen for reinforcements this month, but the Arsenal board are restricted by a limited transfer budget after a busy summer window.center_img Arsenal close in on Thomas Lemar transfer as Atletico Madrid sanction move Comment Metro Sport ReporterSaturday 25 Jan 2020 12:40 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link14.6kShareslast_img read more