Fulham boss Rene Meulensteen says his experienced midfielders have helped to bring the ‘feel-good factor’ back to Craven Cottage.Steve Sidwell, 30, Giorgos Karagounis, 36, and Scott Parker, 33, all excelled in the 2-0 win against Aston Villa on Sunday, which ended a run of six straight defeats.Meulensteen said: “What they bring you is experience. These players are well trained.“It is our job to make sure they have the energy to play at this level and it is important you use them in the right jobs for the team. That is what I’ve done.”The victory over Villa, the Whites’ best performance of the season, sparked joyous celebrations in the stands and Meulensteen is eager to see that excitement maintained.He said: “Although we lost against Spurs there was a massive feel-good factor there.“I wanted to make sure we maintained that feel-good factor and back it up with three points, so that the fans and the players know we’re back on track.”See also:Fulham v Aston Villa player 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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
Bacteria used to be considered so boring, they were passed over by scientists eager to look where the action was: eukaryotic cells. That was then. Now, Nature reported,1 the little rods and spheres and spirals have lots of tricks up their sleeves worth investigating. “Long dismissed as featureless, disorganized sacks, bacteria are now revealing a multitude of elegant internal structures.” These include spiral skeletons (“sophisticated internal structures that give them shape, and help them grow and divide”) and actin-like motors that control magnetosomes (iron-containing structures) that give bacteria a sense of direction. Until recently, bacteria appeared to have featureless interiors, even when viewed through electron microscopes. New techniques, particularly cryo-electron tomography, are disclosing wonders that were previously invisible. The discovery by Jeff Errington in 2001 that bacteria do indeed have a cytoskeleton was “one of those few times in a scientific career when you do an experiment that completely changes your way of thinking.” Errington imaged filaments of tubulin wrapped around the inner wall of the cell like the stripes on a barber pole. One theory is that the scaffolding “tells the cell wall’s enzyme contractors outside the cytoplasm where to lay new bricks” (see 01/16/2003). The filaments and associated proteins are also involved in quality control during cell division, and help organize the magnetosomes into sensory organs. Eukaryotic cells themselves were assumed by 19th century biologists to be featureless blobs of protoplasm. That view, of course, changed dramatically throughout the second half of the 20th century. History seems to be repeating itself with respect to the tinier cells that comprise the most numerous life forms on earth: “For more than a century, cell biology had been practised on ‘proper’ cells – those of the eukaryotes (a category that includes animals, plants, protists and fungi),” Ewen Callaway wrote. “….Hundreds to thousands of times smaller than their eukaryotic cousins, and seemingly featureless, bacteria were rarely invited to the cell biology party.” These discoveries about “simple” bacteria are helping to change that. “We know very little,” said Dyche Mullins [UC San Francisco]. The discovery of the cytoskeleton proved that “There was a lot of organization in bacterial cells we were just missing.” The field is just now opening up after decades of neglect. “There’s a lot of unexplored biology,” he said – and this article didn’t even touch on the subject of the bacterial flagellum.1. Ewen Callaway, “Cell biology: Bacteria’s new bones,” Nature 9 January 2008 | Nature 451, 124-126 (2008) | doi:10.1038/451124a. Also published on [email protected] cognitive dissonance in this article was worth noting. Throughout the text, scientists were admitting how little they know about bacteria – and this is with millions of the little cells right under their noses, in real time, in the present. But then, right in the middle of the article, a just-so story was inserted about a mythical past that would be unobservable even in principle:As cytoskeletons evolved, they took on new chores and snowballed in complexity. At some stage after eukaryotes branched off from bacteria, the eukaryote cytoskeleton seems to have frozen in time. From yeast through to people, its proteins do many of the same jobs, such as towing sister chromosomes to opposite ends of a dividing cell or making sure the endoplasmic reticulum nestles up against the nucleus. More complex eukaryotes might use actin to flex muscles and keratin to make hair, but those tasks are variations on a theme. Not so with bacteria, says Mullins. Actins that determine cell shape work differently across the bacterial world, and some rod-shaped bacteria, such as tuberculosis, don’t even have them. Due to their vast numbers and unicellular lifestyle, “bacteria can play around with fundamental mechanisms for doing things in a way that eukaryotes can’t”, he says.This is how the Darwinians get away with calling evolution a “fact” (see next entry). They simply declare it a fact and treat it as if it were a fact. Those only makes sense if f.a.c.t. stands for Fictional Account Creatively Told. It doesn’t have to actually be a fact in the old-fashioned sense. As long as everyone is trained to think it is a fact, the Darwin Party can remain in power, the trains run on time and there is peace in the streets. The downside is that people’s minds are enslaved to a myth and science suffers. Did Darwinian assumptions hold back progress in bacterial biology? Arguably so. According to the Darwinian mindset, bacteria were just primitive, featureless blobs, till new techniques revealed what is really going on. A design-theoretic biology might have motivated a different approach. For an organism to be this small yet maintain all the functions necessary for life, there must be incredible nano-engineering and miniaturization going on inside those cells. Let’s find out. Maybe we can even learn some principles that can help us with our micro-engineering questions. The evolutionary paradigm is revolting. Time for a design revolution.(Visited 21 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
22 August 2012 The government is working hard to ensure that the electricity regulatory regime is conducive to increasing private sector participation in South Africa’s energy mix, the Department of Energy said in Johannesburg on Tuesday. “Partnerships are important; government alone cannot solve all the problems,” the department’s deputy director-general, Thandeka Zungu, said at the National Energy Regulator of SA’s first economic regulators’ conference. South Africa had previously enjoyed low electricity tariffs, with reserve margins above 30%; but the picture was now changing, with reserve margins falling lower. “It is critical that independent power producers complement Eskom,” said Zungu. The country’s reserve margins needed to be improved to “constitute a comfortable supply of demand and supply”, and renewable power sources would help to achieve this. The regulatory regime, said Zungu, continued to be revamped in a parallel process of the introduction of non-Eskom generation. At the same time, there were constrictions regarding the level to which electricity tariffs could increase. “The extent to which tariffs can continue to rise is constrained by considerations relating to affordability, competitiveness and economic impact,” said Zungu.Grand Inga power project Zungu told the conference that the government was working on tapping into the massive Grand Inga hydro-electric project in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). “The proposed treaty between the DRC and South Africa is now with Cabinet for approval, after which it will go to the DRC,” said Zungu. Upon the project’s successful completion, the envisaged hydropower project, with an estimated capacity of 40 000MW, had a potential to change the African energy sector and would increase Africa generation capacity. This would enhance energy access to clean and efficient energy across the continent and contribute significantly towards a low carbon economy and economic development.Regulator ‘in a tight spot’ Member of the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board of India, PK Bishnoi, said the two-day conference, which concludes on Wednesday, was being held at the right time given the economic slowdown experienced currently. “Nations like South Africa need energy to fuel their economies and to fully harness their potential,” he said. Nersa said the conference was being held to share knowledge and best practices. The regulator’s chairperson, Cecilia Khuzwayo, said that while they supported the development of infrastructure, the regulator found itself in a tight spot. “While we support the development of infrastructure and adherence to policy development by government, we find ourselves in a very tight squeeze where we have to regulate the tariffs, where we have to come up with prices to support the utilities, and make sure the utilities survive; and yet, we have to come up with a tariff and a price that is affordable. “That is a difficult task at the best of times. Therefore, talking among ourselves as regulators is going to be vital not only in South Africa but also internationally,” she said. The government’s economic policy is led by an infrastructure thrust that, in the main, will be implanted by state-owned enterprises. Source: SANews.gov.za
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Brad is the editor overseeing contributed content at ReadWrite.com. He previously worked as an editor at PayPal and Crunchbase. You can reach him at brad at readwrite.com. Blockchain – Impending Revolution in Glob… Each technology we use offers some type of benefit. However, advantages rapidly increase by integrating numerous technologies. While Superman can save the day, there is no chance for evil to win when he joins the Justice League.In this case, the blockchain, which is the decentralized ledger behind cryptocurrency and smart contracts, is the superhero. It can seemingly accomplish impossible by providing solutions to long-standing security and efficiency issues. Yet, its powers can be strengthened by combining it with other technologies and tools, such as artificial intelligence and bots.Here’s what integrating these technologies can mean for industries, companies, and cities.A Retail Powerhouse PlatformEven when a technology offers solutions that previous tools did not, it still may not be able to address every issue. However, when combined with other technologies, the synergies tend to cover more of these problem areas. For example, OSA DC is an AI-driven blockchain that helps by collecting real-time data from multiple channels, including retail, manufacturing, and consumer, to provide insights for better decision-making. The machine learning-enabled system takes all this data to quickly uncover patterns. However, it goes beyond this benefit with other services.Consumers can receive more transparent product information so they know exactly what they are buying and more about its origins. Smart contracts keep retailers honest about what they are doing, which builds trust and holds everyone to a higher standard. Additionally, the AI mechanism collects consumer feedback that retailers can immediately incorporate into their strategy.Service, Marketing, and Customer EngagementThen, certain combinations of technology provide a more universal benefit like when you combine AI, chatbots, and blockchain. And, more businesses and consumers are becoming accustomed to the idea of interacting with a chatbot. According to Chatbots Magazine, “Chatbots that operate in various immediate message exchange systems is a growing tendency, which doesn’t seem to show any signs of slowing down in the nearest future. A Facebook IQ research presents the following data: 67% of pollees expect to communicate with vendors and service providers via chat more often in the future. The clients and the business on the Facebook Messenger platform reportedly exchange over a billion messages a month.”As these chatbots become increasingly more knowledgeable through being put through the paces of assisting with customer service requests and marketing interactions, they will be able to do more and become more seamless in their communication capabilities. For example, the current natural language processing is still rudimentary, but the future shows the promise of more sophisticated conversations. Chatbots will be able to handle complex requests from prospects and customers. That means more satisfied customers. They get answers to their questions or concerns on their terms rather than between set hours.Smart Cities: IoT, Blockchain, and AIWith more companies looking to undertake digital transformations, cities have also started considering what this same process might mean for key issues related to infrastructure, crime and security, energy consumption, and social issues. As The Hill explained, “Smart cities can reduce resource consumption, using IoT devices to optimize the use of electricity and water; reduce traffic congestion and air pollution through smart coordination of traffic lights, parking availability, and public transportation; and harness the power of big data and ubiquitous IoT devices to enhance the efficiency and livability of the urban environment.” Adding artificial intelligence to smart city development has allowed for the implementation of distributed computing for real-time data analysis and immediate actions.A new group is working toward getting 100 cities to implement the same smart city standards and connect with each other for further benefits. Coin Telegraph offered four case studies on how blockchain, AI, and connected devices are helping develop the cities of the future. For example, “Dubai is considered one of the most digitally progressive cities in the world. With unmanned trains, automated sensors, flying taxis, solar panels, and Wi-Fi benches, perhaps it has everything that an avid futurist needs. The authorities of the Emirates are not stopping at what has already been reached and are actively implementing the most innovative ideas in order to turn the city into the first blockchain-based smart megapolis by 2020.” This is just one example of what can change thanks to the blockchain, AI, and IoTAddressing Blockchain and AI LimitationsAlthough the blockchain can do some amazing things, there are still limitations to this relatively new technology. A Medium article on these limitations listed some of the blockchain’s limitations. These included significant energy consumption during the mining process, scalability problems, and some security vulnerabilities. Other problems include privacy, efficiency, hardware, and a lack of talent that understands the real power of this technology. Enter AI. Integrating machine learning to the blockchain can efficiently power the blockchain in a cost-effective way. Plus, it adds virtual talent to improve on what this technology can do.Also, blockchain can help AI progress. As the article stated, the blockchain can help AI explain itself. “The AI black-box suffers from an explainability problem. Having a clear audit trail can not only improve the trustworthiness of the data as well as of the models but also provide a clear route to trace back the machine decision process.” Additionally, the blockchain has already proven it can add efficiency and speed to transactions. Therefore, it can do the same for AI, propelling it to learn at a faster rate. The blockchain’s model offers a good benchmark for organizing information in a more efficient way. Related Posts Brad AndersonEditor In Chief at ReadWrite Why is Bitcoin Soaring? How Blockchain Changes Nowadays Business Security ToyBox and PlayTable Partner Together For Block…
UEFA Champions League ‘I try and do my best’ – Hazard aspiring to reach Messi’s level in Champions League clash Dom Farrell Last updated 1 year ago 08:23 2/20/18 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(2) UEFA Champions League Chelsea Chelsea v Barcelona Barcelona Eden Hazard Videos Barcelona visit Chelsea on Tuesday, and the Belgian hopes for a different result than the last time he faced the Argentina legend Eden Hazard knows he must shine in matches like Chelsea’s Champions League last-16 showdown with Barcelona on Tuesday if he wants to be considered in the same bracket as Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo.Hazard starred in Chelsea’s 2014-15 and 2016-17 title-winning campaigns in the Premier League, but there is a lingering sense that Europe’s top competition is yet to see the best of the Belgium playmaker.AdChoices广告Speaking at a news conference ahead of Barcelona’s visit to Stamford Bridge, Hazard reminded reporters of his fine displays in the group stage against Atletico Madrid this season, but knows where he stands in the overall pecking order. Editors’ Picks Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing Megan Rapinoe: Born & brilliant in the U.S.A. A Liverpool legend in the making: Behind Virgil van Dijk’s remarkable rise to world’s best player “I played again Messi once in the World Cup against Argentina and we lost the game. I hope tomorrow is going to be different,” said the 27-year-old, recalling Belgium’s disappointment at Brazil 2014.”It’s good to be compared with the greatest ever, Messi or Ronaldo, but I’m completely different.”We play in a different league. I try to do my job and try to reach their level, because they are the best in the world. Every season I try and do my best.”When we play these kind of games, we need to perform. If you want to be one of the best, you have to play well in the big games.”Every game I try and play my best football. Every week in the Premier League. Last year we didn’t play Champions League, but this year we are back and I played a few good games — Atletico Madrid away, Roma, here against Madrid.”You want to shine when you play the best in the world. If I want to reach that level, I need to do a great game tomorrow.”Final preparations at Cobham this afternoon! pic.twitter.com/JrRk8Te6dY — Chelsea FC (@ChelseaFC) February 19, 2018 Not for the first time, recent transfer speculation has linked Hazard with a move to Barcelona’s sworn rivals Real Madrid at the end of this season.The player himself, however, insists he is happy at Chelsea.”First, I see the game tomorrow. We are going to face Barca,” he replied when asked about Los Blancos.”I have played for Chelsea for now six years. I’m just happy here. Like you say, I have two years left on my contract.”I’m happy here, my family is happy here. Now I’m just focused on the game [and until] the end of the season.”I don’t think much about the future because you never know what happens in the future, but I’m just happy here.”