The emperor penguin – vulnerable to projected rates of warming and sea ice loss

first_imgWe argue the need to improve climate change forecasting for ecology, and importantly, how to relate long-term projections to conservation. As an example, we discuss the need for effective management of one species, the emperor penguin, Aptenodyptes forsteri. This species is unique amongst birds in that its breeding habit is critically dependent upon seasonal fast ice. Here, we review its vulnerability to ongoing and projected climate change, given that sea ice is susceptible to changes in winds and temperatures. We consider published projections of future emperor penguin population status in response to changing environments. Furthermore, we evaluate the current IUCN Red List status for the species, and recommend that its status be changed to Vulnerable, based on different modelling projections of population decrease of ≥50% over the current century, and the specific traits of the species. We conclude that current conservation measures are inadequate to protect the species under future projected scenarios. Only a reduction in anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions will reduce threats to the emperor penguin from altered wind regimes, rising temperatures and melting sea ice; until such time, other conservation actions are necessary, including increased spatial protection at breeding sites and foraging locations. The designation of large-scale marine spatial protection across its range would benefit the species, particularly in areas that have a high probability of becoming future climate change refugia. We also recommend that the emperor penguin is listed by the Antarctic Treaty as an Antarctic Specially Protected Species, with development of a species Action Plan.last_img read more

Bhabha awarded Humboldt prize

first_imgLiterary and cultural theorist Homi K. Bhabha, Anne F. Rothenberg Professor of English and American Literature and Language and director of the Mahindra Humanities Center, has won a Humboldt Research Award for his academic contributions.The honor celebrates Bhabha’s entire body of work in the humanities, and recognizes his “cutting-edge achievements in the future,” the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, which is based in Germany, said in an emailed statement.Bhabha will attend an upcoming conference in Germany, speaking at the Center for Literary and Cultural Research in Berlin about his work and philosopher and political theorist Hannah Arendt.Diana Sorensen, dean of Arts and Humanities and James F. Rothenberg Professor of Romance Languages and Literatures and of Comparative Literature, said Bhabha, who holds an honorary degree from Free University of Berlin, is an academic force who has “coined many turns of phrase and concepts that have charted a way of thinking that help to address many of the concepts of our time.”“There’s practically no essay I will read by a Latin American, French, or American critic that doesn’t engage with Homi’s ideas,” she said. “He has a way of getting at literary and broader world problems with a conceptual acuity that helps people think through similar problems.”Since 2007, Bhabha has sat on the board for the United Nations Education, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO) World Report on Cultural Diversity.Beyond his intellectual capacity, Sorensen praised Bhabha as the “ultimate convener.”“He has an idea — perhaps about violence, or the public and the private — and he gets people together to think about it,” she said. “In that sense, he makes the University happen.”last_img read more

AI — The Time for Action is Now

first_imgThe U.S. is already one step ahead of the game — last December, members of the American Congress presented a bill on the ‘Development and Implementation of Artificial Intelligence’. Its aim is to establish a Federal Advisory Committee for AI. The drafters reasoned that understanding AI “is critical to the economic prosperity and social stability of the United States.”How forward-thinking of them. But they have nothing on the Chinese — the Chinese State Council has stated that it wants China to be the leader in AI by 2025, which implies that they want to knock the U.S. from its pole position. Even the U.K. is eyeing up a lead position. But what about Germany? Ever since the pandemonium of last summer’s election, when the two largest parties frantically pushed for an AI ‘masterplan’ after China’s statement, not much has actually happened.I didn’t expect a change in pace either, though. I think it’s much more important that politicians have the issue on their radar at all, and that they understand the implications of artificial intelligence.Here is where opinions are diametrically opposed. Tesla’s Elon Musk and celebrity physicist Stephen Hawking have branded this technology “our biggest existential threat.” Steve Wozniak has attempted to offer a more balanced opinion, while Mark Zuckerberg has praised AI to the high heavens.Of course, businesses are optimistic about what the future holds for AI, and are already using it for a wide array of applications: from communication, to cognitive searches and predictive analytics, to translation. The next big thing is the autonomous car. The (German) automotive sector, which used to focus on tin and steel, is also undergoing significant changes. Other sectors are following suit. To companies, AI is the game changer that will improve all our lives and revolutionize the economy. The results of our latest study on the working world of 2030 show that the majority of the 3,800 business leaders surveyed already anticipate a close human-machine symbiosis in the coming years. However, the same study also shows a clear split in opinions. Roughly half of the respondents were pessimistic about the effects of AI, while the other half were optimistic.So what do we do now? The most important question concerns the implications that AI will actually have — will it usher in a bright new future or social disorder? The discussion on job losses is already in full swing.Apocalyptic scenarios aren’t the only things we should be thinking about, but at the same time, it is worth reflecting on regulation at this early stage. I think that the AI expert Oren Etzioni has the right attitude. Following the example of Isaac Asimov’s laws of robotics, he suggests three simple rules for artificial intelligence systems so that we are equipped for the worst-case scenarios and can prevent any conceivable damage. He says that AI must be strictly regulated, that AI must be discernable from humans, and that AI cannot arbitrarily handle confidential data. These may seem like superficial rules, but they serve as a very good starting point and basis for discussion.Are these ideas a little too ahead of their time? I don’t think so. If we tackle these issues as early on as possible, then we will be in a much better position to plan the future of artificial intelligence. Isaac Asimov wrote his laws of robotics way back in 1942, and they are still considered exemplary, even today. And if that’s not a good source of motivation, then I don’t know what is.last_img read more

Sterling at the double as Man City hit Saints for six

first_imgAgain, Sterling was heavily involved, accepting Bernardo Silva’s pass and putting in a cross that was a little too high for Sane but arrived for David Silva, who volleyed in at the far post.Southampton manager Mark Hughes, whose future has been the subject of increasing speculation following a run that has now seen him win just four of his 19 league games in charge, reacted furiously to yet more appalling defending from his side.“We were poor in that opening period, you have to be resolute to keep back an outstanding City team,” said Hughes. “We were a bit lightweight and didn’t deal with one-on-one situations.”Southampton did, however, pull a goal back after half an hour, becoming the first English team to score against City since Newcastle at the Etihad at the start of September.It was a rare mistake from goalkeeper Ederson that led to the Saints goal, the Brazilian diving unnecessarily at the feet of Danny Ings and tripping the forward, who convincingly shot home the penalty.However there was never a hint that Southampton might be able to launch anything resembling a fightback and City ended the half as they had begun it — by scoring.David Silva’s through ball appeared to be going out of play but Aguero showed impressive persistence to chase and pull it back for Sterling who, first miskicked but then shot past Saints goalkeeper Alex McCarthy from six yards.Southampton improved at the start of the second half, with James Ward-Prowse and Ings — via wicked deflection off Fernandinho — forcing Ederson to make fine stops. Manchester, United Kingdom | AFP | Raheem Sterling scored twice fresh from agreeing a new five-year contract with Manchester City as the champions swept aside Southampton 6-1 on Sunday to return to the top of the Premier League table.Sergio Aguero, with his 150th league goal, David Silva and Leroy Sane were also on the mark as Pep Guardiola’s side continued their unbeaten start to their title defence.“We played excellent, without and especially with the ball,” Guardiola told the BBC as he insisted there was more to come from England international Sterling.“He is more mature now than he was when we first met at the club…He is 23 and he can be a better player.”Southampton had the minor consolation of becoming the first team in 630 minutes to score against City but the leaders’ form is ominous for the rest of the division.City are scoring at a marginally faster rate than they did while racking up a record 106 goals last season, and they made a devastating start at the Etihad that finished the game as a contest within 18 minutes of kick-off.Five minutes had gone when Aguero orchestrated an attack on the edge of the Southampton area, David Siva then moving the ball on to the overlapping Sane, whose cross was turned into his own goal by Saints’ Wesley Hoedt.It took a further six minutes for City to double the lead, Bernardo Silva setting free Sterling on the right and the England forward selflessly squaring for Aguero to hammer in from close range. – Landmark goal –It was the Argentine’s 150th league goal for City, a landmark that moved him level with Michael Owen in eighth place on the Premier League’s all-time goalscoring list.It appeared City were capable of scoring almost at will and a slick move saw them make it three in the 18th minute.center_img But City continued to threaten, and Sane almost made it five with a vicious left-foot shot from the edge of the area that struck the bar just after the hour.Sterling did in the 67th minute when he latched onto Aguero’s perfectly-weighted pass to score his second goal of the afternoon.Sane completed an impressive individual and team display in stoppage time when he steered in a left-foot shot from 18 yards following another assist from Sterling.Share on: WhatsApplast_img read more

Westport Winery Expands Hours and Adds Breakfast

first_imgFacebook3Tweet0Pin0Submitted by Westport Winery Garden ResortWestport Winery Garden Resort will now be open daily from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. by adding breakfast to their farm fresh menu. Winery co-founder Kim Roberts said, “Our premise has always been to find out what our customers want and then give it to them. We’re fortunate to have fans that offer great ideas.” For this reason, the winery has developed a menu of unusual and homemade fare for this new element of their enterprise.The new hours of operation begin on Sunday, October 30, with breakfast served daily from 8 a.m. to 11 a.m. “With our wine club pick-up beginning this week it will give a bigger window of time and dining opportunity to the many visitors we expect to see.” Flexibility, affordability, and innovation are hallmarks of this business’s success which is reflected in the breakfast offerings which are available to enjoy in house or to go:Fresh FrittataOnions, broccoli, spinach and tomato sautéed in olive oil then baked to order in an egg cream custard — 9 Beach BennyDungeness crab cake on grilled ham topped with scrambled eggs and tarragon aioli — 13Breakfast SammyHam, scrambled eggs, cheddar (slice or sauce) on a homemade cornmeal biscuit — 6 Lavender Crème Brulée French ToastFrench toast stuffed with crème brulee, grilled, and served with lavender syrup — 9Cornmeal Biscuits & Spicy Sausage GravyFull — 9, Half — 4, Add eggs — 4Big & RichTri-tip steak wrapped in bacon on a bed of steak fries topped with scrambled eggs, cheese sauce and green onions — 19Any Day BrunchCornmeal Biscuit and Freezer Jam, Benedictine Quiche with Tarragon Aioli, Steak Fries, Fresh OJ or Sparkling Mimosa, Coffee or Tea — 18PastryBlueberry-Lemon Scone or Raspberry-Almond Scone or Cornmeal Biscuit — 4Giant Hawaiian Cinnamon RollWith vanilla buttercream, caramel sauce and macadamia nuts — 7Let’s Pretend They’re Granola BarsMaple Bacon Bourbon or Chocolate Caramel Oat — 3Westport Winery Garden Resort won Best Boutique Winery, Best Winery, and Best Wine Shop at the recent Best of the South Sound Awards from South Sound Magazine.The restaurant has become a popular place for Sunday brunch in part because of their ability to make fresh-squeezed orange juice in house. When that incredible juice is added to any one of their four award-winning sparkling wines the best mimosas ensue. Of course, Three-Peckered Goat coffee or decaf Skookumchuck from Raven’s Brew in Olympia make for great morning beverages too. The classic Earl Grey tea and Tazo Green tea are hot choices.It’s the winery’s new Chocolate Caliente that will rock your world. Kim Roberts said, “When I was going to university in Denmark, my friends and I spent Easter break in Barcelona. That’s where I first had what they call chocolate caliente, but to me was more like molten pudding in a cup. It’s definitely a one-cup wonder! Once we decided to add breakfast we had to put it on the menu.” Additionally, it can be made to order with a shot of your favorite spirits.Family-friendly Westport Winery Garden Resort, is located on the corner of Highway 105 and South Arbor Road halfway between Aberdeen and Westport. The resort (including the restaurant, bakery, nursery and gardens) is open daily from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. Westport Winery TASTING @ Cannon Beach, is located at 255 N. Hemlock. The Oregon tasting room is open daily from 11 a.m. to 6 p.m.Westport Winery was named 2011 Washington Winery to Watch by Wine Press Northwest. They have been voted Best Winery by King 5 Evening Magazine six times. They were named the Best Washington Family Business Silver Medal winners in 2012, received the Grays Harbor Environmental Stewardship Award in 2015, and were name Best Winery, Best Wine Shop, and Best Boutique Winery for 2016 by South Sound Magazine. For more information or reservations call 360-648-2224. Those who wish to hold earlier business, committee, or training meetings are encouraged to contact the winery for special reservations.last_img read more